How weight loss affects blood pressure?

According to national guidelines and recent research, losing weight can reduce systolic and diastolic blood pressure and potentially eliminate high blood pressure. For every 20 pounds you lose, you can lower your systolic pressure by 5 to 20 points. Losing excess weight helps lower blood pressure. Expect a drop of about 1 point in systolic pressure for every 2 pounds you lose.

Maintaining a healthy weight provides many health benefits. If you're overweight, losing just 5 to 10 pounds can help lower your blood pressure. weight loss is one of the most effective lifestyle changes to control blood pressure. Losing even a small amount of weight if you're overweight or obese can help lower your blood pressure.

In general, you can lower your blood pressure by about 1 millimeter of mercury (mm Hg) for every kilogram (about 2.2 pounds) of weight you lose. A further question, mentioned above, is the degree to which weight loss can be identified as an independent influence on the state of blood pressure. Perhaps the biggest problem with weight reduction as the primary mechanism for blood pressure control is that it is ethically appropriate only for those with stage 1 hypertension or less. The wide range of potential mechanisms may also be an important factor in explaining the apparent heterogeneity in the response of blood pressure to any treatment.

A wide literature supports the idea that decreasing sodium consumption below typical in Western society will cause a decrease in blood pressure. Successful achievement of national weight management goals may provide additional benefits in reducing blood pressure and associated biomedical burden of CVD and stroke risk. However, our study did not aim to compare the decrease in BP from lifestyle intervention with that of routine therapeutic care, but rather to establish whether lifestyle intervention reduces BP regardless of clinical conditions and what weight loss is needed to obtain the normalization of PA. Home monitoring can help you control your blood pressure, make sure your lifestyle changes are working, and alert you and your doctor to potential health complications.

This confirms that weight loss is difficult to achieve and maintain, and long-term maintenance of adequate weight loss is achieved only in a proportion of overweight patients. The Trial of Hypertension Prevention examined 181 participants to determine weight loss or reduction in sodium and blood pressure during 7 years of follow-up. This publication was supported by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health with award number K23HL133843.Because weight loss cannot be achieved in the absence of some combination of dietary behaviors or physical activity, separating the independent effects of each component on blood pressure is extremely challenging. Improvement in intermediate risk factors following surgical weight loss appears to be correlated with improved long-term renal and cardiovascular outcomes and mortality.

A meta-analysis of the effects of physical activity on blood pressure by Kelley et al46 led the authors to predict a decrease in systolic blood pressure of 3 to 5 mm Hg associated with moderate physical activity. We will not review data associated with weight loss resulting from pharmacological or surgical interventions, except as may be related to maintaining weight loss. .

Sharron Bouyer
Sharron Bouyer

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